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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12-19

Study of metabolic syndrome among health professionals in a rural eastern Indian population and its relation with quality of life

1 Department of Physiology, Burdwan Medical College and Hospital, Burdwan, West Bengal, India
2 College of Medicine and JNM Hospital, WBUHS, Kalyani, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Arunima Chaudhuri
Krishnasayar South, Borehat, Burdwan 713102, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjo.sjo_2_18

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Background The increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a challenging threat for the 21st century. Aims To assess the prevalence of MetS and find out the relation with the quality of life among health professionals in a population of eastern India. Materials and Methods This study was conducted in a time span of 1 year among the various categories of 300 health professionals working at Burdwan Medical College and Hospital after taking institutional ethical clearance and informed consent from the participants. The presence of at least three out of five components of MetS was used for diagnosis. Data collection methodology was based on WHO STEP-wise approach using questionnaire, physical, and biochemical measurements. Results MetS was found among 131 participants (43.7%). Among the participants with MetS, there were 71 (54.2%) doctors, 32 (24.4%) nurses, 16 (12.2%) paramedics, and 12 (9.2%) other health professionals. But there was no significant difference in prevalence among the categories of profession. MetS was diagnosed more among females compared to males (53.8% vs. 34.2%, χ2 = 11.699, P < 0.001). Females were twice as likely to develop MetS compared to males (odds ratio 2.24, confidence interval 1.40–3.57, P < 0.001). Among the various components of MetS within the study population, increased waist circumference (58.7%) had the highest prevalence, followed by low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (48.3%), high blood pressure (46.3%), increased blood glucose (39.7%), and hypertriglyceridemia (35.3%). Conclusions The present study highlighted the high prevalence of MetS among health professionals with a female preponderance. MetS was associated with the poor quality of life, especially the domains of physical health, psychological health, and social relationships.

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